History of Golden Temple Amritsar
The Golden Temple, also known as the Harmandir Sahib is a gurdwara located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab, India.
The Sikhs all over the world, daily wish to pay visit to Sri Amritsar and to pay obeisance at Sri Harmandir Sahib in their Ardas.
The Golden Temple is spiritually the most significant shrine in Sikhism. It became a centre of the Singh Sabha Movement between 1883 and 1920s.
According to the Sikh historical records, the land that became Amritsar and houses the Harimandir Sahib was chosen by Guru Amar Das, the third Guru of the Sikh tradition.
It was then called Guru Da Chakk, after he had asked his disciple Ram Das to find land to start a new town with a man-made pool as its central point.
After Guru Ram Das succeeded Guru Amar Das in 1574, Guru Ram Das founded the town that came to be known as "Ramdaspur".
He invited merchants and artisans from other parts of India to settle in the new town with him.
The town grew to become the city of Amritsar. The holy land of the Golden Temple.
The Gurdwara was repeatedly rebuilt by the Sikhs after it became a target of persecution and was destroyed several times by the Mughal and invading Afghan armies.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh, after founding the Sikh Empire, rebuilt it in marble and copper in 1809, and overlaid the sanctum with gold leaf in 1830. This has led to the name the Golden Temple.
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