10 Unbelievable Facts About Andaman & Nicobar Islands

While most of us know about Andaman and Nicobar’s legendary beauty and charm, these emerald isles are intriguing in more than one way.

Ptolemy and Marco Polo documented the isles as home to fierce man-hunters and Jean-Jacques Cousteau dedicated a movie to them called Invisible Islands.

Here are 10 incredibly interesting facts about Andaman & Nicobar islands.

1. The name Andaman is presumed to be derived from Hanuman, who was known to the Malays as Handuman. The name Nicobar seems to be a corruption of the South Indian term ‘Nakkavaram’ (Land of the Naked) as indicated in the great Tanjore inscription of AD 1050.

2. The most widely spoken language on the islands is Bengali followed by Hindi, Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam. Andaman Creole Hindi is also widely used as a trade language in the Andaman islands.

3. The Island received the first sun rise of the millenium.

4. Andaman and Nicobar Islands have India’s best nesting beaches for three species of marine turtles – Hawksbill, Green turtle  and world’s largest sea turtle, the Leatherback.

5. North Sentinel Island is home to one of the most isolated human populations in the world. The Sentinelese, thought to number around 300, have rebuffed all contact with the modern world and fire their arrows at anyone who comes within range.

6. They are thought to have directly descended from the first human populations to emerge from Africa, and have probably lived in the Andaman Islands for up to 60,000 years.

7. Dugong, the gentle sea cow, is the state animal of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

8. Pandunus or Nicobar Breadfruit is a rare fruit found and widely eaten in Nicobar.

9. Commercial fishing is banned in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

10. The only active volcano in India, the Barren Island, is present in Andaman Islands.

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